During the period from 700 to 300 BCE, an ancient kingdom called Assaka Maha Janapada (great empires) was in the saddle between Godavari and Krishna rivers in south-eastern India. Under this empire, Buddhism flourished. A number of Sanskrit epics like Aitareya Brahmana (800 BCE) refers to the Vedic roots of the Telugu speaking people of Andhra in the Indian subcontinent. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. That action paved the way for the formation of linguistic states throughout India, beginning in 1956 and continuing into the 21st century. 3. History of Andhra Pradesh The history of Andhra Pradesh dates back to ancient times. The Satavahanas have been mentioned by the names Andhra, Andhrara-jateeya and Andhrabhrtya in the Puranic literature. The SRC report offered special safeguards to Telangana as part of Gentleman's Agreement. They did not refer themselves as Andhra in any of their coins or inscriptions; it is possible that they were termed as Andhras because of their ethnic… King Krishnadevaraya emerged as the tallest emperor in South India by extending his control over deep South, building temples, monuments and patronising fine arts. 1979-06-01 Vizianagaram district is formed in Andhra Pradesh, India. The Telugu-speaking Telangana region, however, remained under the nizam’s dominion of Hyderabad, and the French acquired a few towns. Several dynasties ruled over this part of the country. Although Sanskrit writings dating to about 1000 bce contain references to a people called “Andhras” living south of the central Indian mountain ranges, definitive historical evidence of the Andhras dates from the times of the Mauryan dynasty, which ruled in the north from the late 4th to the early 2nd century bce. Experts ascribe parts of the famous paintings in the Ajanta Caves of the Deccan (now in Maharashtra state) to the Andhra painters of that period. But the rise of the kingdom of Vijayanagar, to the southwest of Warangal, arrested further expansion of the Muslim power for some time. An agreement was finally reached that designated Hyderabad as capital of both states for 10 years, after which it would be the capital solely of Telangana. Andhra Pradesh's history dates back to the Vedic period. The major role in determining the climate of the state is played by South- West Monsoons. Remains of the Buddhist stupa at Amaravati, Andhra Pradesh, India. Its members ruled over almost the entire Deccan plateau and even established trade relations with Rome. Years of discussions followed, as those in what would remain of Andhra Pradesh strongly opposed giving up to Telangana Hyderabad, the state’s most populous and economically important city. "Andhra State would have remained a dream had Potti Sriramulu not sacrificed his life. However, as it became apparent that Telangana (with the exception of Hyderabad city) was consistently lagging behind the coastal areas economically and socially, a movement arose in the late 1960s to separate Telangana from the rest of Andhra Pradesh. In 1950 the southern and eastern Andhra portion was incorporated into Madras state, and the Telangana region became part of Hyderabad state. Prakasam Panthulu was the first CM of Andhra. When did Andhra Pradesh formed as state of Indian union? Andhra Pradesh, India. Rama Rao ruling the state with Congress in the opposition during the 1980s. Answer : 1 October 1953. Neelam Sanjiva Reddy who was representing Indian National Congress served as a … But the unexpected demise of Vijayanagara empire led to the emergence of a more liberal Qutb Shahi dynasty at the Bahmani Sultanate that ruled most of the current state of Andhra Pradesh. When Telangana was seperated from Andhra Pradesh? The exit of Satavahanas led to many divisions in the vast Telugu landscape which was ruled by a number of feudal chieftains and small kings. The recorded history of Amaravati and nearby Dharanikota is from the 2nd century BC. The great Mauryan emperor Ashoka (reigned c. 265–238 bce) sent Buddhist missions to the Andhras in the south. As per Matsya Purana, seven kings ruled the dynasty for about 52 years. Andhra Pradesh is a state located on the south-east coast of India. The formation of an alliance between the various neighbouring Muslim principalities ultimately led to the fall of Vijayanagar in 1565, leaving the Muslims in control of the Andhra areas. By the start of the 21st century, however, the demand for a Telangana separate from Andhra Pradesh had grown dramatically, spearheaded by the establishment in 2001 of the Telangana Rashtra Samithi, a political party dedicated to creating the new state. In the struggle against British rule, Andhra leaders played decisive roles. Dream of Maha Maya presaging the Buddha's birth, marble relief from Nagarjunakonda, Andhra Pradesh state, India, Amaravati style. History of Andhra Pradesh: Although Sanskrit writings dating to about 1000 BCE contain references to a people called “ Andhras ” living south of the central Indian mountain ranges, definitive historical evidence of the Andhras dates from the times of the Mauryan dynasty, which ruled in the north from the late 4th to the early 2nd century BCE. One of the 16 majestic kingdoms in 600 BCE, the Assaka was replaced by Satavahana empire (230 BCE - 220 CE) whose rulers built the ancient township of Amaravati and they reached to new heights under the rule of King Satakarni. It will be immensely helpful for candidates preparing for APPSC Group -1, Group -2 Screening Test and Mains Exam and Group -3, Panchayat Secretary, VRO, ASO exams. A new era of power struggle erupted after the fall of Kakatiya dynasty with Turkish kingdoms in Delhi, Chalukya Cholas in the south and the Sultanate of Central India (Persio-Tajik) competing with each other to extend their influence in Telugu heartland. The first epoch deals with pre historic period spanning the Stone Age (10,000 BCE 2000 BCE), Copper Age (2000 BCE 1000 BCE) and Iron Age (1000 BCE 500 BCE).The… It has a population of 75,727,000 people according to the census of 2001. km. The history of Yadav's of Andhra Pradesh is incomplete without mentioning the most Famous & richest temple of the world-Tirupati Balaji. The recorded history of Andhra Pradesh can be traced to the Andhra Kingdom of the Iron AgeMaha-Janapada period, succeeded by the Satavahana Empire. After India gained independence in 1947, however, the region remained administratively and linguistically divided. During the 12th and 13th centuries the dynasty of the Kakatiyas of Warangal (now in Telangana) extended Andhra power militarily and culturally, and during their regime the commercial expansion of the Andhras toward Southeast Asia reached its peak. Later on, this very same Ulugh Khan ruled Delhi as Sultan Mohammad bin Tughluq after laying siege to Warangal. According to the last census of India in 2011, the state has a population of about 49.67 million, which … The state draws its name from the Andhra people, who have inhabited the area since antiquity and developed their own language, Telugu. In exchange for their help, the British acquired from the nizam the coastal Andhra districts lying to the north of the city of Madras (now Chennai) and later the hinterland districts. Andhra Pradesh History Questions and Answers . Andhra Pradesh History can be traced back to the Prehistoric Period, with the development of Civilization in the Ancient History of Andhra Pradesh. Demonstrations by pro-separatists were forcefully put down by the government in late 1969, and the movement languished for a number of years. Pride in their historical and linguistic achievements led them to demand a separate province. According to the area, it is the seventh-largest state in India and the tenth most populous state. In 1765, Lord Robert Clive with the help of his council in Vishakapatnam got from the Mughal emperor Shah Alam a grant of the five Circars (known as Northern Circars of British India's Madras province). However, the increasingly apparent disparities in the development of different parts of the state gave rise in the early 1980s to the Telugu Desam (“Telugu Nation”) Party (TDP), which advocated a reduced role for the national government in state affairs but not the separation of Telangana from Andhra Pradesh. With the European powers eyeing territories for trade and exploitation, the Qutb Shah dynasty at the Bahmani Sultanate came to an abrupt end. Buddhism prospered under the Andhras, and in their capital flourished the great Buddhist university of antiquity, where Nagarjuna (c. 150–250 ce), the founder of the Mahayana school of Buddhism, taught. The endluru village is 8 km south east of Ongole. info)) is a state in the Republic of India. Telugu language and its literature replaced the once dominant Sanskrit (and its dialect Prakrit), thus contributing to the nurturing of Telugu pride among the people. …north-central and northeastern portions of. Two-party system with a democratic governance emerged as Telugu Desam founder and CM N.T. Historically, the areas covered in the state were known as Andhraapath, Andhraadesa, Andhraavani, and Andhra.. History of Andhra Pradesh. The major portion of the southern India (Dakshina Patha) was extended by Andhra region. Brief History of Prakasam District (previously Ongole District) About the name of ONGOLE There is a story about the people of the Ongole neighborhood about how the Ongole got its name. Simultaneously, a movement was organized to unite the Telugu-speaking peoples living under British rule with those under the nizam’s administration. Detailed Notes for ApPsc 2018-19 are provided by Andhra Pradesh PSC Notes team.ApPsc Result declared can be viewed here.ApPsc Syllabus has been analyised in deep with ApPsc Questions,Psc Ap secures Jobs In Andhra Pradesh. Since the creation of Andhra state in 1953 and its transformation into Andhra Pradesh three years later, control of the state’s government has largely been in the hands of the Indian National Congress (Congress Party). But in a battle, the British defeated Maharaja Vijaya Rama Gajapati Raju of Vizianagaram in 1792, thus extending full control over Andhra region. After Independence, the Muslim Nizam of Hyderabad wanted to retain his sovereignty, but was forced to cede his kingdom to India in 1948 to form Hyderabad state which remained separately from Andhra region which was part of the then Madras Presidency. It is mentioned in Sanskrit epics such as Aitareya Brahmana (800 BCE ). Most notable writer was Nannaya whose literary works made good impact on the society. Social reformers like Tanguturi Prakasam Panthulu and Kandukuri Veeresalingam further led the agitation for a new Andhra state which was formed on 1 October, 1953 with Kurnool as its capital. Andhra Pradesh is one of the 29 states of India whose recorded history begins in the Vedic period. Andhra Pradesh is also known as Andhra, the seventh-largest state of India with an area of 160,205 sq. How long the Kakatiya dynasty existed? There are total 15 chapters in this material. There are recorded history of them in the Aithareya Brahmana and the Mauryan period. Andhra Pradesh came into existence in its present form in 1956 as a result of the demand of the Andhras … A peek into the … It was left to Kakatiya dynasty to unify all Telugu lands during their reign between 624 and 1323 CE ushering in a great synthesis of social, cultural, religious and literary elements of Andhra people who for the first time were governed under a single administration. Andhra State was the first state in India to be formed on a mainly linguistic basis by carving it out from the Madras Presidency in 1953. According to Aitareya Brahmana of the Rig Veda, the Andhras left north India from banks of River Yamuna and settled in south India. Andhra Pradesh Climate is generally hot and humid. The TDP ruled Andhra Pradesh for much of the late 20th and early 21st centuries under its leaders Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao (the founder of the party) and then Nara Chandrababu Naidu before the Congress Party returned to power in 2004. After Musunuri Nayaks defeated the Delhi Sultanate in battles, they were driven off back to Delhi. About the 1st century ce the Satavahanas (or Satakarni), one of the most-renowned of the Andhra dynasties, came to power. A number of Sanskrit epics like Aitareya Brahmana (800 BCE) refers to the Vedic roots of the Telugu speaking people of Andhra in the Indian subcontinent. Andhra state was later merged with the Telugu-speaking area of Hyderabad state to create Andhra Pradesh in 1 November, 1956 following a report submitted by States Reorganisation Commission (SRC). Soon a neutral Muslim state called Bahmani Sultanate was formed in Central India by Ala-ud-Din Bahman Shah after revolting against the Turkish kingdom in North India. Thus, the major part of the Andhra country came under British rule, part of what then was the Madras Presidency. The Kshatriyas also had a … IntroductionThe history of Andhra Pradesh can be broadly divided into two epochs. Journey Map / Andhra Pradesh / Ikat / History Uncovering the History of Ikat Ikat is most well-known in India, Indonesia and Japan and even has traditions existing in various countries across Latin America and parts of Europe, owing to Dutch, Spanish and Portuguese colonialism in Southeast Asia … Indian nationalism arose during the 19th century, and the Andhras took a place at the forefront of the movement. was formed on November 1, … Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Geschichte Anfänge-1500, Andhra Pradesh (India) -- History -- Chronology, India -- Andhra Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Geschichte Anfange-1500 Publisher New Delhi : Sterling Publishers Collection inlibrary; printdisabled; internetarchivebooks Digitizing sponsor Kahle/Austin Foundation Contributor Internet Archive Language English The fiery campaign of Potti Sriramulu (1901-1952) who died fasting for an independent state for Telugu people carved out of the then Madras Presidency led to violence in many parts of Andhra. European traders began to involve themselves in Indian politics in the 17th century, as successive nizams (rulers) of Hyderabad, seeking to consolidate their kingdom against rivals, obtained first French and later British support.