The " This term would likely have been used by the Wampanoag people (who speak the Wôpanâak dialect of Massachusett) when introducing pumpkins to English Pilgrims at Plymouth Colony, located in present-day Massachusetts. , Long before European contact, Cucurbita had been a major food source for the native peoples of the Americas, and the species became an important food for European settlers, including the Pilgrims, even featuring at the first Thanksgiving.  Not until 1837, does jack-o'-lantern appear as a term for a carved vegetable lantern, and the carved pumpkin lantern association with Halloween is recorded in 1866. The cruciferous family of vegetables have generated a lot of interest in the health world due to their cancer fighting compounds. tapeworms in over 89% of cases.  The plant hormones ethylene and auxin are key in fruit set and development.  The seeds, which are attached to the ovary wall (parietal placentation) and not to the center, are large and fairly flat with a large embryo that consists almost entirely of two cotyledons. , Cucurbita fruits including pumpkins and marrows are celebrated in festivals in countries such as Argentina, Austria, Bolivia, Britain, Canada, Croatia, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Peru, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland, and the United States.  Modern-day cultivated Cucurbita are not found in the wild. Pumpkin leaves are a popular vegetable in the Western and central regions of Kenya; they are called seveve, and are an ingredient of mukimo, respectively, whereas the pumpkin itself is usually boiled or steamed. water molds), and powdery mildew (Erysiphe spp.).  When used for cooking or as a salad dressing, pumpkin seed oil is generally mixed with other oils because of its robust flavor.  The squash bug causes major damage to plants because of its very toxic saliva.  In the US, pumpkin chucking is practiced competitively, with machines such as trebuchets and air cannons designed to throw intact pumpkins as far as possible. Argentina holds an annual nationwide pumpkin festival Fiesta Nacional del Zapallo ("Squashes and Pumpkins National Festival"), in Ceres, Santa Fe, on the last day of which a Reina Nacional del Zapallo ("National Queen of the Pumpkin") is chosen. A pumpkin, from a botanist‘s perspective, is a fruit because it’s a product of the seed-bearing structure of flowering plants. Ukraine and Russia each produced about one million tonnes.  In C. foetidissima, a weedy species, plants younger than 19 days old are not able to sprout from the roots after removing the shoots. Enjoy our Pumpkin and Vegetable Soup anytime of the year.  Other colors, including dark green (as with some oilseed pumpkins), also exist.  Cucurbita plants grown in the spring tend to grow larger than those grown in the autumn.  Pumpkins are widely grown for commercial use and as food, aesthetics, and recreational purposes.  For example, cucurbits are often represented in Moche ceramics.  The oldest evidence were pumpkin fragments dated between 7,000 and 5,500 BC found in Mexico. This book contains an illustration known as Quegourdes de turquie, which was identified by cucurbit specialists as C. pepo subsp. Fruits & Vegetables & Cancer: Low fat diets rich in fruits and vegetables (foods that are low in fat and may contain dietary fiber, Vitamin A, or Vitamin C) may reduce the risk of some types of cancer, a disease associated with many factors. Competitively grown specimens are therefore often hand-pollinated to maximize the number of seeds in the fruit, which increases the fruit size; this pollination requires skilled technique. The gourd family, Cucurbitaceae, consists of about 975 species across 98 genera. Growers of giant pumpkins often compete to see whose pumpkins are the most massive.  It retards the development of parasitic flukes when administered to infected host mice, although the effect is only seen if administration begins immediately after infection. pepo.  This evidence was found in the Guilá Naquitz cave in Oaxaca, Mexico, during a series of excavations in the 1960s and 1970s, possibly beginning in 1959.  All but a few C. pepo cultivars can be included in these groups. , Traditional C. pepo pumpkins generally weigh between 3 and 8 kilograms (6 and 18 lb), though the largest cultivars (of the species C. maxima) regularly reach weights of over 34 kg (75 lb). , Squash was domesticated first, followed by maize and then beans, becoming part of the Three Sisters agricultural system of companion planting. , The term pumpkin has no agreed upon botanical or scientific meaning, and is used interchangeably with "squash" and "winter squash". to a tune in 68 time. Gourds are usually smaller and harder-skinned, and are more often used for decoration than as a cooking ingredient. Place the pumpkin in a 325 degree oven and bake for about 30 minutes until slightly softened on the inside. Clean out the inside of the pumpkin and rub with olive oil. Summer squash, prefers half-shrubby habitat, flattened or slightly discoidal shape, with undulations or equatorial edges. The fruits contain vitamins A and … It makes wild Cucurbita and most ornamental gourds, with the exception of an occasional C. fraterna and C. sororia, bitter to taste.  In a 1989 study on the origins and development of C. pepo, botanist Harry Paris suggested that the original wild specimen had a small round fruit and that the modern pumpkin is its direct descendant.  Ground-based bees such as squash bees and the eastern bumblebee are better suited to handle the larger pollen particles that pumpkins create, but today most commercial plantings are pollinated by hives of honeybees, which also allows the production and sale of honey that the bees produce from the pumpkin pollen. Winter squash, creeping plant, round, oblate, or oval shape and round or flat on the ends. Hold a family or neighborhood competition to see who can come up with the scariest, prettiest, friendliest or ugly pumpkin. Giant pumpkins are large squash with a pumpkin-like appearance that grow to exceptional size, with the largest exceeding 1 ton in weight. Asian Fusion 0; European Cuisine 1; Mediterranean Cuisine 0; Organic Vegetables & Herbs.  It is found from sea level to slightly above 2,000 meters (6,600 ft). Used in pies, cakes, puddings and more, pumpkin is a favorite fall and winter ingredient. The term "pepo" is used primarily for Cucurbitaceae fruits, where this fruit type is common, but the fruits of Passiflora and Carica are sometimes also pepos. This leads many gardeners to wonder what cruciferous vegetables are and if they can grow them in their garden. Home Vegetables Vegetable Groups Cucurbit Family Pumpkin Open Pollinated Pumpkin Atlantic Giant. Though they all vary in taste and texture, it turns out that all squash, from butternut and acorn to crookneck and zucchini , have seeds in them. A type of stored phosphorus called phytate forms in seed tissues as spherical crystalline intrusions in protein bodies called globoids. Gourds, also called bottle-gourds, which are used as utensils or vessels, belong to the genus Lagenaria and are native to Africa.  Some cross pollinations can occur: C. pepo with C. argyrosperma and C. moschata; and C. maxima with C. moschata.