Seagrass mapping synthesis: A resource for coastal management 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This project provides an up to date synthesis of the available information on seagrass in the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area (GBRWHA). Traditional Owners of the Great Barrier Reef have co-existed with dugongs for more than 60,000 years. It is estimated that there are nearly 6,000km 2 of seagrass in Queensland waters shallower than 15 metres, and that up to 40,000km2 of the waters deeper than 15 metres of the Great Barrier Reef lagoon are likely to have some seagrass. They inhabit both freshwater and brackish water, where seagrass beds can be found. Seagrasses are vital as food for green sea turtles and dugongs and are important nursery grounds for commercial, recreational and indigenous fisheries. 2002; De’ath and Fabricius 2010). Inshore seagrass showed signs of recovery in some regions and improved from very poor to poor. The salt water helps the root grow. Using historical aerial photography, increases in seagrass distribution at Green Island have been mapped. 2015). The meadow of deep-water seagrass in the Great Barrier Reef is estimated to store 27.4 million tonnes of carbon. Great Barrier Reef-wide The overall condition of the inshore reef remained poor in 2012–2013. C. Petus, M. Devlin, A. Thompson, L. McKenzie, E. Teixeira da Silva, C. Collier, D. Tracey, K. MartinEstimating the exposure of coral reefs and seagrass meadows to land-sourced contaminants in River flood plumes of the Great Barrier Reef: validating a simple satellite risk framework with environmental data 4 4. The Great Barrier Reef is home to one of the world’s largest seagrass habitats, encompassing 15 species over some 40,000 km 2. The Great Barrier Reef, located off the north-eastern coast of Australia, is home to a variety of vegetation.The most prevalent type of plants is sea grasses.It also contained various types of algae such as seaweed, which are not true plants at all. By David Grossman. "This is a really good news story," Deakin University professor Peter Macreadie told SBS News. It could help fight global warming, if we don't destroy it first. South Australia: Spencer Gulf, Gulf of … Dynamics of a deep-water seagrass population on the Great Barrier Reef: annual occurrence and response to a major dredging program. Overall the Great Barrier Reef’s inshore marine condition was poor in 2017–18, based on scores for coral, seagrass and water quality. The Dugong’s brain only weighs 300 grams of their 400kg! 2016) to measure potential functional connectivity on seagrasses in the central Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area (GBRWHA), Australia. The Cape York, Wet Tropics and Burdekin regions were in moderate condition overall and the Mackay–Whitsunday, Fitzroy and Burnett–Mary regions were in poor condition. Catchment runoff presents a major threat to water quality and ecosystem health within the Great Barrier Reef … In 1997, the Great Barrier Reef Ministerial Council established Clairview as a dugong sanctuary. of seagrass (Halophila johnsonii in Florida). We used network analysis and the outputs of a biophysical model (Grech et al. 3. Dec 18, 2018 Andre Erlich Getty Images. Seagrasses in the Great Barrier Reef region, particularly in coastal habitats, act as a buffer between catchment inputs and reef communities and are important habitat for fisheries and a food source for dugong and green turtle. Dugongs feed on the seagrass meadows and come to the surface when they breathe. Seagrass diversity in Australia is amongst the highest in the world, in part due to the overlap of already diverse tropical and temperate floras. and seagrass) to the food webs of nine seagrass meadows in the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area. The bays, estuaries, lagoons and reef platforms of the Great Barrier Reef (GBR) region provide habitat for 12 seagrasses including one endemic species, Halophila tricostata. On the Great Barrier Reef in Australia, Fred Short, UNH research professor of natural resources and marine science, retrieves marked plants for an assessment of seagrass productivity. The Great Barrier Reef is one of the most species-rich areas for seagrass in the world. A framework for defining seagrass habitat for the Great Barrier Reef, Australia Alex B. Carter 1, Catherine Collier, Michael A. Rasheed1, Len McKenzie1 and James Udy2 1 Centre for Tropical Water & Aquatic Ecosystem Research (TropWATER), James Cook University, Cairns, Australia 2 Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia Supported by the Australian Government’s 2,3 Halphila tricostata is endemic to the Great Barrier Reef and is a deep water species. Australia's Great Barrier Reef is considered to be the world's largest reef system. INTRODUCTION . What threatens seagrass? In particular, the reef’s deepwater seagrass beds, spanning a region approximately the size of Switzerland, are a carbon-removal powerhouse, perhaps locking away up to 30 million tons of the stuff around the Great Barrier Reef, according to a new study. Seagrass meadows are a major food source for a number of grazing animals in the Great Barrier Reef region. around Green Island reef, part of Australia's Great Barrier Reef (GBR), has measurably increased dur ing the past 50 yr, possibly due to increases in the availability of nutrients from local and regional anthropogenic sources. The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority acknowledges the continuing sea country management and custodianship of the Great Barrier Reef by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Traditional Owners whose rich cultures, heritage values, enduring connections and shared efforts protect the Reef for … 8. • The longest seagrass, 11 feet (3.35 meters), is in The Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area (GBRWHA) includes one of the world's largest areas of seagrass (35,000 km 2) encompassing approximately 20% of the world's species.Mapping and monitoring programs sponsored by the Australian and Queensland Governments and Queensland Port Authorities have tracked a worrying decrease in abundance and area since 2007. Declining water quality has led to conditions in which light levels have become the primary limiting factor in many seagrass meadows, and although this tends to have local effects, it is a globally significant problem (Waycott et al. Seagrass adapts to the great barrier reef because the salt water. These include marine heatwaves, which lead to coral bleaching in the Great Barrier Reef and Ningaloo. Photo: Researchers on the Great Barrier Reef donned their scuba gear to take soil samples. Seagrasses have adapted to Thermal tolerance of two seagrass species at contrasting light levels: Implications for future distribution in the Great Barrier Reef Catherine J. Collier School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, Australia Bleaching. 2009). This reef-bound carbon sink is one of many so-called “Blue Carbon” sinks. In Shark Bay, marine heatwaves also cause seagrass — critical habitat for a vast diversity of species — to die-off. This dataset includes the connectivity matrices of the foundation and non-foundation species habitat graphs, and the edge tables for network analysis. , Towards Ecologically Relevant Targets: Impact of flow and sediment discharge on seagrass communities in the Great Barrier Reef . In the Abstract, the estimation of OC in deep-water seagrass meadows across the Great Barrier Reef (GBR) is revised as follows: If the OC stocks reported in this study are similar to deep-water Halophila meadows elsewhere within the GBR lagoon (total area 31 000 km 2), then OC bound within this system is roughly estimated at 274 million tonnes. York, P., Carter, A., Chartrand, K. et al. The seagrass protects the coral reef from the waves. regions are not used in the Great Barrier Reef-wide assessment. Broad-scale surveys of the.Great Barrier Reef (GBR) province have found seagrasses in estuaries, shallow coastal bays and inlets, on fringing and barrier reef platforms and in deep, inter-reef waters. The dugong ( Dugongdugon) and the green turtle ( Cheloniamydas) mainly feed on seagrass. the seagrass and coral work together. Great Barrier Reef (Carruthers et al. • The deepest growing seagrass, 190 feet (58 meters), is in the Great Barrier Reef in Australia (Halophila decipiens). Inshore water quality was poor and varied from moderate to poor depending on the region. It brings together more than 30 years of An adult green turtle eats about two kilograms of seagrass a day while an adult dugong eats about 28 kilograms a day. 1. The brightly coloured corals are quickly turning ghostly white as the reef experiences the worst bleaching event in its history. 1 Fifteen species (representing half the number of species found in Australia) occur within the Great Barrier Reef Region. Within the Great Barrier Reef region there are four different seagrass habitat types now recognised. • There is a single clone of seagrass that is over 6,000 years old (Posidonia oceanica in the Mediterranean Sea). The Great Barrier Reef's Seagrass Is an Amazing Carbon Sink. Poor water quality, such as from urban and agricultural run-off, is another big threat to the Great Barrier Reef. Australia hosts the largest number of Dugongs, with the Reef providing an important feeding ground. The seagrass team at James Cook University has been mapping, monitoring and researching the health of the Great Barrier Reef seagrasses for more than 30 … Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. It is also one of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and it is the world's biggest structure made out of living species. In the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area (GBRWHA), seagrass is a key habitat supporting the outstanding universal values that led to its World Heritage status and is a critical habitat supporting fisheries production (Coles et al. It is made up of over 2,900 individual reefs, 900 islands and covers an area of 133,000 square miles (344,400 sq km).