Extra protection is welcome when your young tree has a southern or southwestern exposure, or recent pruning leaves a tree's bark exposed. Permanent dark staining is seen when the bleeding sap dries. Like the red maple, silver maple is a relatively short-lived tree when compared to the sugar or black maple… Silver Maple tree identification. It is one of the most common trees in the United States.. ), oak, or pine tree, it’s probably just growing. These splits can be as much as … How should I loosen the dirt is this all roots? Silver maples rely on their canopies of foliage to protect their bark from the sun. University of California Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program: Whitewashing Trunks, Iowa State University Extension and Outreach: Shedding Bark. The trees have small leaves not big like Norway maples and they do not appear to be very healthy. Green arrow indicates But if you see these other signs, your tree needs a bit more help: Silver maple is native throughout Iowa. Is this a problem? What Kind of Bark Does a Persimmon Tree Have? But if that breeze picks up to a forceful wind, the tree's weak branches and twigs often come tumbling down. The silvery appearance of the leaves is very apparent during a moderate wind. The tendency for silver maples to develop trunk cavities leads them to be a common shelter and breeding si… If the tree is mature and the bark is still smooth, the tree may be a hornbeam, ivy-leafed, Manchurian, Amur or mountain maple. While shedding is a natural process for a healthy silver maple, injuries can cause splitting and premature peeling of bark. The silver maple grows to a height of 50–80' and a spread of 35–50' at maturity. There you should be able to find those varieties that are mature and ready for your yard. Because of its fast growth rate, however, mature trees can achieve diameters in excess of 3 feet and heights in excess of 100 feet. Did some research, and was told to give it fertilizer, which I did, and the leaves are worse than ever. I pulled the loose section off, down to a firmer section. Here are a few reasons why silver maples can often be a nuisance: This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. The Bark Is Splitting on My Autumn Blaze Maple Tree. Use only white interior latex paint, mixed with equal parts of water. No worries there! That expansion forces the outer bark, now hard and inflexible, to develop furrows and ridges. The outer layers eventually stop actively growing. Also the Red Maple has a bitter sap as compared to the Sugar Maple. The branches and trunk commonly fork and require careful pruning. As the tree matures, however, the trunk bark becomes rough and has a shaggy appearance. The seeds grow in a pair of "wings." This maple tree loves full-sun, and even partial-shade conditions. I have a silver maple, and I am so unhappy with it. It can recover from flooding and does well in poor, rocky soils. Like all maple trees, it has a five-pointed leaf and produces a prolific amount of seeds in the early spring. Many authorities recommend against planting silver maple. Other Important Facts: The Norway Maple is imported from Europe. Young silver maples lack the foliage needed to shade their thin bark. The tree requires ample lighting but provides excellent shade as the leaves grow densely. Many ants surround the tree and yellow jackets were attracted to the area until I sprayed and removed the wood. Silver Maple Tree. A fungal infection of the soil that penetrates a tree’s roots, verticillium wilt takes … Growth Rate This tree grows at a fast rate, with height increases of more than 24" per year. Answer: The life span of a silver maple will possibly surprise you! The tree was infected by Phytophthora cactorum. It's is a medium-sized tree of short bole and quickly branching crown. It can be found on stream banks and floodplains and is a common component of the bottomland forests. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. The silver maple tree (Acer saccharinum) is one the most common trees of North America. Name: Acer pectinatum Forrestii The seeds of silver maple are the largest of any native maple and are a food source for variety of birds and small mammals, including evening grosbeaks, finches, wild turkeys, ducks, squirrels and chipmunks. Verticillium Wilt. None of the other trees seem to be affected by the moss and lichen. This is a gift not a curse. bark.split.mapleH.jpg. The fungal disease causes black fruiting structures to cover the tree's bark. The silver maple tree can become a real nuisance for a homeowner or business owner. Identifying Acer saccharinum by leaf, bark, flowers, samaras and shape. When mature, they separate and whirl down from the tree on a single "wing.". Shredded leaves is amazing fertility for the soil. I am new to the Portland area and have several maple trees on my new property that have a lot of moss and lichen on the maple trees. A yard tree could have been something not found in the local forest but purchased. The root system of the tree grows shallow and will result in an uneven lawn. Fungal pathogens are opportunistic microorganisms that cannot easily penetrate a tree’s outer bark. The New Sunset Western Garden Book; Kathleen Norris Brenzel, Editor. Regarding leaves being a burden, mow them into your grass. They can be distinguished by differences in their size, leaves, fruits, bark and fall color. The roots are also known to invade septic fields and damage well pipes, requiring costly replacements or repair. As long as there’s healthy bark underneath the peeling layers, your tree is OK. Cal Poly San Luis Obispo Urban Forest Ecosystems Institute: Silver Maple: Acer Saccharinum. Downed branches are common and a regular chore to dispose of. That rapid growth contributes to silver maple's exfoliating bark. bleeding area is the location where bark is cankered. The leaves of the silver maple resemble the five-pointed leaves of other maples. My silver maple tree had a landscape timber box around the base with a ground cover planted in it for about 8 years. At first, it is smooth but as it ages, it develops longish grooves. Plant these small trees where you can admire the spectacular patterned bark. The bark is smooth on the branches and younger trees. Acer saccharinum, commonly known as silver maple, creek maple, silverleaf maple, soft maple, large maple, water maple, swamp maple, or white maple, is a species of maple native to the eastern and central United States and southeastern Canada. Silver maple is a tall, fast-growing, native tree of eastern North America. It can recover from flooding and does well in poor, rocky soils. Its natural habitat is along stream banks, floodplains, and lake edges where it grows best on better-drained, moist alluvial soils. It's similar to a balloon, which can only take so much internal pressure before something gives. The leaves are constantly falling, and I rake every single day. Named for its unique, striped bark, snakebark maple is a relatively compact type of maple tree, making it a great choice for small backyards. Why is the Bark Coming Off My Japanese Lace Leaf Maple Tree? Cankers can be found up to 8 feet above the soil line. It grows to 18 metres (60 feet)—higher under favourable conditions—with a short, stout trunk and Silver Maple: You can tell you’re gazing at a Silver Maple tree when you see a gray-brown bark, slit. Never use enamel or exterior paint, even latex, or your well-intentioned efforts can cause irreversible damage to your silver maple tree. The grayish-black bark is furrowed with shallow, narrow ridges forming a regular diamond pattern. This pipe is buried six feet down. In the meantime, the tree continues to produce new bark layers underneath and to rapidly increase in size. Native to eastern North America, it is widely cultivated elsewhere. Their roots grow aggressively, often wreaking havoc underground. While it can be an excellent tree for landscaping, it also presents some undesirable characteristics. Valsa canker This disease of maple trunks will normally affect only young trees or small branches. Hansen's work appears regularly in consumer and trade publications, as well as numerous internet gardening and lifestyle channels. The fast-growing silver maple can quickly became a high-maintenance nuisance for owners of homes and businesses. Given a gentle breeze, the silvery undersides of silver maple leaves shimmer in sunlight with lovely effect. Q: Over the last couple of years, our Norway and Sunset maples have developed long, vertical splits in the bark. Like the red maple, silver maple is a relatively short-lived tree when compared to the sugar or black maple, living perhaps 130-150 years. Occasionally, this fungus will also appear as red balls on the bark of the maple tree. The buckling bark down low and different appearance up higher is kind of normal for one type of maple probably red or sugar. As young silver maples mature, their thin, smooth bark thickens. Never remove more than 20 percent of the canopy at any time. For example, the autumn blaze maple tree is a hybrid of a red maple and a silver maple, and will have characteristics of each parent. The tree is over 30 years old and appears healthy. Paint your tree's trunk from 1 inch below the soil line to at least 2 feet up the trunk. The tree remains protected by healthy inner layers, while long strips of silvery outer bark shed and reveal reddish brown bark beneath. Q.I have a silver maple tree. Silver maple bark, fruit, leaf, and twig. The fungus takes control of the tree when the tree suffers ongoing weakness brought on from maple tree decline. The real difference is that the Red Maple has lighter and smoother bark then the Sugar Maple. Your tree is not a silver maple, which has distinctive silvery leaf backs. Silver maples grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 9, and do best in full to part sun with acidic soil kept consistently moist -- even wet. Cynthia, nitrogen fertilizers will cause more green leafy growth. The silver maple tree is the fastest growing type of maple, making it ideal for planting in landscaping projects. Great care is required when mowing the grass lawn growing at the base of the silver maple, as mower blades will likely strike the protruding roots. Its primary favorable characteristics—shade and fast growth—lend themselves to future problems with this species. Looking at the leaf and bark will usually give you a good indication of at least part of the parent stock, from which you can consult other … Maple Decline Information. Growing up to 36 inches per year, silver maples approach heights of 100 feet and have 50-foot spreads. It is commonly used for shade, but careful planning and estimation should be used when planting near homes or other permanent structures. Adverse conditions can cause a maple tree so much stress that it no longer thrives. When the twig is scraped or broken, a strong foul odor can be detected. Deer and rabbits browse on the foliage, and the bark is sometimes consumed by beavers. The undersides of the leaves are much lighter than the tops and can shimmer like silver when wind ruffles the leaves, giving Silver Maple (Acer saccharinum) its common name. It tolerates pollution well, making it a favorite urban tree… Without proper and frequent pruning high winds and ice can cause limbs to break. I planted a Silver Maple away from my well, septic system, and house, but it is close to the pipe that comes from the well into the house. Most maple are susceptible, but urban trees need special care to prevent stress factors that cause decline. Keeping your silver maple in optimal health helps prevent unnatural peeling. If it’s an ash, maple (other than silver, of course! Nectria cinnabarina canker This maple tree disease can be identified by its pink and black cankers on the bark and typically affects parts of the trunk that were weak or dead. Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters. The Maple tree was of importance to the Algonquian tribes of the north-western United States and western Canada, who developed the art of processing Maple sap into Maple sugar, Maple syrup, and taffy candy. Unless your silver maple (Acer saccharinum) is young or recently injured, don't be worried about its peeling bark. The silver maple tree is the fastest growing type of maple, making it ideal for planting in landscaping projects. It is usually found growing in open sunlight along creeks and waterways. Images of a silver maple tree. The dense foliage that provides shade in the hot summer months demands late fall raking clean-up. Ruby Horse Chestnut: The bark of this tree is dark greenish-grey and it is smooth to touch. The silver maple is also known as Acer saccharinum, soft maple, river maple, silverleaf maple, swamp maple, water maple, and white maple.
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